Irises are perennial herbs, growing from creeping rhizomes,
or, in drier climates, from bulbs. They have long, erect flowering
stems, which may be simple or branched, solid or hollow, and
flattened or have a circular cross-section. The rhizomatous
species usually have 3–10 basal, sword-shaped leaves growing
in dense clumps. The bulbous species have cylindrical, basal
Iris are flowering perennial bulbs.
Other Names: Netted Iris, Dutch Iris,
Descriptions: Iris have pretty colorful
1.5" to 4 inch flowers that are uniquely
shaped, they also have thick green grass like
Size: Irises grow 12 to 18 inches tall
and bearded irises grow from 2 to 4 feet tall.
Symbolism: Iris symbolizes eternal promise
of renewal, rebirth, and the transformation of
monotony into delight. Iris also represents eloquence.
A purple iris is symbolic of wisdom and compliments.
A blue iris symbolizes faith and hope. A yellow
iris symbolizes passion while white iris symbolizes
Grow Details: Iris are easy to grow and
they are Spring bloomers.
Soil Type: Well
Drained Sandy or Loamy
Soil PH: PH 6.5 - 7.0
Light: Full Sun to Part Sun
Grow Zone: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Height: Irises grow 12 to 18 inches
tall and bearded irises grow from 2 to 4
Flower Colors: Blue, Purple, White,
Yellow, Pink, Orange, Bi-Color, Multi-Color
Propagation: Iris are propagated
from both seed and root separation.
Division/Transplants: Divide every
2 to 5 years.
Blooming Period: Spring
Herbal Remedy Properties: Iris are used
homeopathically in a variety of different ways.
Yellow iris is used for treating dandruff, and
wounds. Iris is also used for asthma, bronchitis,
rheumatism or coughing. Iris flowers have even
been used for treating acne and by infants cutting
Native Area: Iris are native to North
America, Europe, western Asia and northwest Africa.
Other: The iris is the French royal standard
fleur-de-lis and also the symbol of Florence,
Iris Flower Gifts
|The iris flower is of special interest
as an example of the relation between flowering
plants and pollinating insects. The shape of the
flower and the position of the pollen-receiving
and stigmatic surfaces on the outer petals form
a landing-stage for a flying insect, which in probing
the perianth for nectar, will first come in contact
of perianth, then with the stigmatic stamens in
one whorled surface which is borne on an ovary formed
of three carpels.